The Gender Digital Divide in Developing Countries

Title: The Gender Digital Divide in Developing Countries
Authors: Amy Antonio, David Tuffley
Source: Future Internet - An Open Access Journal from MDPI
Date (published): 31/10/2014
Date (accessed): 12/11/2014
Type of information: academic article
Language: English
On-line access: yes
Abstract: Empirical studies clearly show that women in the developing world have significantly lower technology participation rates than men; a result of entrenched socio-cultural attitudes about the role of women in society. However, as studies are beginning to show, when those women are able to engage with Internet technology, a wide range of personal, family and community benefits become possible. The key to these benefits is on-line education, the access to which sets up a positive feedback loop. This review gives an overview of the digital divide, before focusing specifically on the challenges women in developing countries face in accessing the Internet. Current gender disparities in Internet use will be outlined and the barriers that potentially hinder women’s access and participation in the online world will be considered. We will then look at the potential opportunities for women’s participation in a global digital society along with a consideration of current initiatives that have been developed to mitigate gender inequity in developing countries. We will also consider a promising avenue for future research.

One-Fifth Of Women In Developing World Countries Think Internet Use Is Inappropriate For Them

Title: One-Fifth Of Women In Developing World Countries Think Internet Use Is Inappropriate For Them
Author: Addy Dugdale
Source: Fast Company
Date (published): 15/01/2013
Date (accessed): 12/11/2014
Type of information: online article
Language: English
On-line access: yes
Abstract: A study released by Intel Corporation on women and the Internet has found some interesting trends. Researchers, who consulted with the U.S. State Department and UN Women, found that one-fifth of women in some countries feel that it would be inappropriate for them to use the Internet. The report issues a call to double the number of women and girls online in developing countries from 600 million today to 1.2 billion in 3 years. Around 2,200 women and girls from four countries—India, Egypt, Mexico, and Uganda—took part in the research, which found that 25% of women in developing nations lacked Internet access. In some sub-Saharan countries that figure rises to 45%.

How to Improve Role of Information and Communication Technology for Health Care in Maharashtra State

Title: How to Improve Role of Information and Communication Technology for Health Care in Maharashtra State
Authors: Kalpana Chaudhari, Dr.P.T. Karule
Date (published): 10/2014
Date (accessed): 12/11/2014
Type of information: academic article
Language: English
On-line access: yes
Abstract: The limited health care budget, chronic shortage of health care workers and lack of incentives to retain those in remote areas further unsatisfied national health care delivery system. Recently, the application of information communication technology (ICT) to health care delivery and the use of telemedicine have raised hopes. Information and Communication Technology (ICT) solutions (e.g. e-health, telemedicine, e-education)are often viewed as vehicles to bridge the digital divide between rural and urban healthcare centres and to resolve shortcomings in the rural health sector. This study focused on challenges, infrastructure, use of ICTs as e-health solutions in rural healthcare centres, Recommendations are made with regard to how ICTs can be used more effectively to improve health rural healthcare centres based on existing state of health care in Maharashtra state.

Remodeling MOOCs in 2014

Title: Remodeling MOOCs in 2014
Source: ICEF Monitor
Date (published): 29/10/2014
Date (accessed): 10/11/2014
Type of information: online article
Language: English
On-line access: yes
Abstract: Since the first wave of Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) around 2012, hypotheses about their impact have abounded, and have changed over time. So too have emotions about the courses evolved (from excitement to disenchantment or even suspicion) to where we may be now: a calmer state where the both the hype and counter-hype have worn off. Now, organisations are using the essence of MOOCs – an online, adaptable, customisable, and accessible platform – to achieve diverse educational outcomes and business models.

Africa’s urban population growth: trends and projections

Title: Africa’s urban population growth: trends and projections
Authors: Leila Rafei, Mahyar Eshragh Tabary
Source: The World Bank
Date (published): 29/10/2014
Date (accessed): 10/11/2014
Type of information: online article
Language: English
On-line access: yes
Abstract: On the periphery of Lagos, Nigeria, lies Makoko, a burgeoning slum community perched on a lagoon. Residents live in makeshift homes on stilts made of collected wood and tarp, and get around primarily by canoe. Once a small fishing village, Makoko now draws migrants from neighboring countries, who flock to Nigeria for low-paying, unskilled jobs. In many ways, Makoko serves as a microcosm of urbanization in Sub-Saharan Africa, which has the world’s fastest pace of urban population growth:
​- 6 of the 10 countries with the highest urbanization rates in the world in 2013 are in Sub-Saharan Africa.
- Nigeria itself has the 9th largest urban population in the world, surpassing 80 million in 2013. It also ranks as the country with the most urban dwellers in all of Africa.
- The world’s total urban population reached an estimated 3.8 billion in 2013, and is projected to swell to nearly 6.3 billion in 2050.
- Since 2008, a majority of the world’s population reside in urban areas.

The Challenge Of Connecting The Unconnected

Title: The Challenge Of Connecting The Unconnected
Author: Hassan Baig
Source: TechCrunch
Date (published): 01/11/2014
Date (accessed): 10/11/2014
Type of information: online article
Language: English
On-line access: yes
Abstract: Every time we return to or sign up for an Internet service (e.g. Facebook, Google, Gmail, YouTube, etc.), we rely on what UX experts call a “mental model” for navigating through the choices. A mental model is essentially a person’s intuition of how something works based on past knowledge, similar experiences and common sense. So even when something is new, mental models help to make sense of it, utilizing the human brain’s ability to transcode knowledge and recognize patterns. For instance, most of our grandparents can hit the ground running with changing the channel or increasing the volume when handed the remote control for the latest television available in the market today, squarely because of a well-developed mental model for TV remote control units.

Mobile First: Why Mobile Phones Are Transforming Lives In Africa

Title: Mobile First: Why Mobile Phones Are Transforming Lives In Africa
Author: Adrian Leighton
Source: oAfrica
Date (published): 29/10/2014
Date (accessed): 10/11/2014
Type of information: online article
Language: English
On-line access: yes
Abstract: During the days of European colonization, Africa was unfairly dubbed ‘The Dark Continent’ by US journalist and explorer Henry Stanley. This was mainly due to the fear of this unknown and mysterious continent at the time. These days, mobile phones are lighting up Africa to an extent seen nowhere else on Earth. In fact, it’s fair to say that out of all of today’s modern technological, and societal advances, it is mobile phones that have changed lives most rapidly in Africa in the last decade. Why is that Africa, of all places, is ‘mobile first,’ and how are mobile phones changing lives for everyone there?

Three stories of how digital payments are changing healthcare delivery

Title: Three stories of how digital payments are changing healthcare delivery
Source: The Guardian
Date (published): 24/10/2014
Date (accessed): 31/10/2014
Type of information: blog post
Language: English
On-line access: yes
Abstract: Projects from Pakistan to Tanzania are showing how mobile money is facilitating both access to finance and to healthcare.

In Africa, smartphones and tablets are real alternatives to text books

Title: In Africa, smartphones and tablets are real alternatives to text books
Author: Alberto B. Sáez
Source: Mobile World Capital
Date (published): 27/10/2014
Date (accessed): 31/10/2014
Type of information: online article
Language: English
On-line access: yes
Abstract: The In South Africa, one of the countries with the best prospects in the region, the average family spends 1.800 Rands per year on textbooks, almost 130 euros or 164 US dollars; an excessive amount for income often below 4,000 euros per year. If we bear in mind that other countries in the area have among the lowest disposable incomes in the world, it is easy to understand why price is a determining factor and why these mobile devices have been considered as an alternative from the outset. A low-end tablet costs about 100 euros and a high quality one with a 10-inch screen a little less than 200 euros. This means that in one school year the investment could be paid off on something that can be used way beyond mere school work ; it is a window on the world. This fact has convinced the government of the Ivory Coast, which has agreed to provide 5,000 tablets dedicated primarily to education in public schools.

Big Data in Action for Development

Title: Big Data in Action for Development
Date (accessed): 31/10/2014
Type of information: research report
Language: English
On-line access: yes
Abstract: This report stemmed from a World Bank pilot activity to explore the potential of big data to address development challenges in Central American countries. As part of this activity we collected and analyzed a number of examples of leveraging big data for development. Because of the growing interest in this topic this report makes available to
a broader audience those examples as well as the underlying conceptual framework to think about big data for development.

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