Digital globalization: The new era of global flows

Title: Digital globalization: The new era of global flows
Authors: James Manyika, Susan Lund, Jacques Bughin, Jonathan Woetzel, Kalin Stamenov, Dhruv Dhingra
Source: McKinsey & Company
Date (published): 02/2016
Date (accessed): 13/06/2016
Type of information: research report
Language: English
On-line access: yes
Abstract: The world is more connected than ever, but the nature of its connections has changed in a fundamental way. The amount of cross-border bandwidth that is used has grown 45 times larger since 2005. It is projected to increase by an additional nine times over the next five years as flows of information, searches, communication, video, transactions, and intracompany traffic continue to surge. In addition to transmitting valuable streams of information and ideas in their own right, data flows enable the movement of goods, services, finance, and people. Virtually every type of cross-border transaction now has a digital component.
Lagging countries are closing the gaps with the leaders at a very slow pace, and their limited participation has had a real cost to the world economy. If the rest of the world had increased its participation in global flows at the same rate as the top quartile over the past decade, world GDP would be $10 trillion, or 13 percent, higher today. For countries that have been slow to participate, the opportunities for catch-up growth are too substantial to ignore.

Surprise! Fishermen Using Mobile Phones for Market Prices is the Largest Lie in ICT4D

Title:
Surprise! Fishermen Using Mobile Phones for Market Prices is the Largest Lie in ICT4D

Author: Wayan Vota
Source: ICTWorks
Date (published): 03/06/2016
Date (accessed): 13/06/2016
Type of information: online article
Language: English
On-line access: yes
Abstract: We all know the story. Fishermen use mobile phones to call ahead to different markets to find the one with best prices, so they can sell their catch for the largest profit. We’ve heard this line a thousand times, and probably have even told it ourselves.
The claim that mobile phones are used to increase fishermen income was first made in academic literature by Robert Jensen in his 2007 paper, The Digital Provide: Information (Technology), Market Performance, And Welfare In The South Indian Fisheries Sector. Google says over 1,077 other academic papers cite this paper. It may be the most cited work in ICT4D academic literature. Sadly, it’s certainly wrong.

Mobile for Development Utilities

Title: Mobile for Development Utilities
Author: Ilana Cohen
Source: GSMA
Date (published): 03/2016
Date (accessed): 13/06/2016
Type of information: research report
Language: English
On-line access: yes
Abstract: GSM sensor-driven maintenance significantly increases average handpump functionality and reduces repair time compared to traditional maintenance models. A longitudinal cohort study was carried out on 181 handpumps divided into the three maintenance models described below. Sensors were equipped on all handpumps to monitor functionality, but only in the ambulance service model did the sensor data inform maintenance operations through alerts.

This is the extent of the demographic digital divide

Title: This is the extent of the demographic digital divide
Author: Keith Breene
Source: The World Economic Forum
Date (published): 22/03/2016
Date (accessed): 13/06/2016
Type of information: online article
Language: English
On-line access: yes
Abstract: The growth of the internet is one of the defining characteristics of the modern age. But despite the rapid rise in the number of people online, there are still significant differences between the richest countries and the rest of the world.

Can a Radio Series Change Attitudes and Norms on Violence Against Women?

Title: Can a Radio Series Change Attitudes and Norms on Violence Against Women?
Author: Caroline Hodges
Source: Oxfam - Policy & Practice
Date (published): 05/2016
Date (accessed): 13/06/2016
Type of information: research article
Language: English
On-line access: yes
Abstract: Edutainment is the combination of entertainment—often television or radio soap operas—with educational messages that aim to mobilise and promote positive changes in attitudes, behaviours and social norms. According to the World Bank’s 2015 Development Report, edutainment has the potential to achieve large-scale behaviour change, and many other studies have noted similarly positive results. However, rigorously-gathered evidence of edutainment’s impact on behaviour change is still lacking. Oxfam has implemented edutainment programmes in 14 countries and is constantly seeking to better understand its impact. In 2015, Oxfam Novib’s impact measurement unit conducted a rigorous (randomised) evaluation of an edutainment pilot project in Tunisia.

How ICT4D Research Fails the Poor

Title: How ICT4D Research Fails the Poor
Author: Roger W. Harris
Source: Taylor & Francis Online
Date (published): 27/03/2015
Date (accessed): 16/05/2016
Type of information: research report
Language: English
On-line access: yes
Abstract: Research can improve development policies and practices and funders increasingly require evidence of such socioeconomic impact from their investments. This article questions whether information and communication technologies for development (ICT4D) research conforms to the requirements for achieving socioeconomic impact. We report on a literature review of the impact of research in international development and a survey of ICT4D researchers who assessed the extent to which they follow practices for achieving socioeconomic impact. The findings suggest that while ICT4D researchers are interested in influencing both practice and policy, they are less inclined toward the activities that would make this happen, especially engaging with users of their research and communicating their findings to a wider audience. Their institutions do not provide incentives for researchers to adopt these practices. ICT4D researchers and their institutions should engage more closely with the users of their research through more and better communications with the public, especially through the use of information and communication technologies.

State of Connectivity 2015: A Report on Global Internet Access

Title: State of Connectivity 2015: A Report on Global Internet Access
Source: Facebook Newsroom
Date (published): 21/02/2016
Date (accessed): 16/05/2016
Type of information: research report
Language: English
On-line access: yes
Abstract: State of Connectivity 2015: A Report on Global Internet Access, the second annual study by Facebook, takes a close look at the current state of global internet connectivity, how it has changed since 2014 and how we can use the data identified to generate new insights.

Radio Days In Afghanistan

Title: Radio Days In Afghanistan
Author: Djaounsede Pardon Madjiangar
Source: World Food Programme
Date (published): 24/02/2016
Date (accessed): 16/05/2016
Type of information: blog post
Language: English
On-line access: yes
Abstract: Getting accurate and reliable market information has always been challenging for farmers living in Afghanistan’s remote rural areas. But a community-based radio is now playing a role in filling the information gap, reducing transaction costs and increasing farmers’ incomes.

How students in Uruguayan schools are being taught English over the Internet by teachers in Argentina - and in the UK & the Philippines

Title: How students in Uruguayan schools are being taught English over the Internet by teachers in Argentina - and in the UK & the Philippines
Author: Michael Trucano
Source: Edutech - A World Bank Blog on ICT use in Education
Date (published): 06/05/2016
Date (accessed): 16/05/2016
Type of information: blog post
Language: English
On-line access: yes
Abstract: Recognizing its relevance in the global marketplace, the small South American country of Uruguay has placed increasing emphasis on improving the abilities of its schoolchildren to speak English. In trying to achieve this objective, however, it has faced a very acute resource constraint: There just aren't enough qualified teachers of English working in Uruguayan schools.

Using Text Messages to Improve Reproductive Health In Ghana

Title: Using Text Messages to Improve Reproductive Health In Ghana
Source: Innovations for Poverty Action (IPA)
Date (accessed): 16/05/2016
Type of information: reserach report
Language: English
On-line access: yes
Abstract: Improving adolescents’ access to information about safe sex practices is crucial for safeguarding the health of future generations. In Ghana, Innovations for Poverty Action and researchers evaluated the impact of a program that provided young women with information on reproductive health via text messages. The study found that the program improved young women’s knowledge about contraception, sexually transmitted infections, and other reproductive health topics.

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