Immigrant women, e-skills & employability in Europe: The case of Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Romania, and Spain
Title: Immigrant women, e-skills & employability in Europe: The case of Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Romania, and Spain
Authors: Maria Garrido, Gabriel Rissola, Milvia Rastrelli, Andrea Diaz, Jaime Ruiz
Publisher: Technology & Social Change Group, University of Washington Date (published): 03/03/2010
Date (accessed): 12/03/2010
Type of information: research report
On-line access: yes (pdf, 1,6 MB)
There is much research on the role of e-skills in advancing employability among disadvantaged groups, but little is known about the way in which these skills can promote the economic integration of immigrant women in the European Union, or how improving digital competences and access to computers and the Internet can foster social inclusion.
This study contributes to filling this gap, investigating the role of e-skills in advancing the employability of immigrant women in four countries: Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, and Spain. Romania is included for comparison, as a source of migration.
The conceptual framework builds on Amartya Sen’s capabilities approach, as well as on the EU’s Framework on Key Competences for Lifelong Learning. Based on a survey of 375 immigrant and 155 native-born women, and supplemented by interviews with staff at non-government organizations, this research examines three interrelated paths that, we argue, lead to improved employability: education and lifelong earning, social inclusion, and cultural inclusion.
Findings suggest that strengthening e-skills among immigrant women is an important factor in advancing along these three paths, potentially improving women’s position in the labor market. In addition, NGOs play an pivotal role in fostering social, economic, and cultural integration and in promoting many of the competences identified by the European Union as critical to succeed in today’s labor market.
Title: The legal status of raw data: a guide for research practice
Authors: Madeleine de Cock Buning, Allard Ringnalda, Tina van der Linden
Pages: 52 pp.
Date (published): 13/11/2009
Date (accessed): 22/11/2009
Type of information: research paper
On-line access: yes (pdf)
"Guide to clarify the legal protection applying to research data, intended for researchers who need to know what they can do with other people’s data.
The opportunities opened up by ICT and the Internet are making access to research results and data broader and more open. It is increasingly possible to add to the text of a publication by enriching it with other materials, including the relevant research data. By making that data accessible, it becomes easier to verify research results and to reproduce and reuse them.
But when reusing raw research data, it is important to know the legal status of the material. Sometimes, the consent of the “author” (i.e. the “maker”) of the data is required; however, some actions involving data can be carried out without consent. SURFdirect wishes to clarify the legal protection applying to research data for researchers who need to know what they can do with other people’s data. That information will also allow researchers to determine whether they also need to protect their own research data.
As part of the SURFshare programme, SURFdirect requested the Centre for Intellectual Property Law (CIER) to explain the rules under which research data may be protected. The report provides an overview of the current situation on the basis of the most important legislation and case law. It consists of three sections, dealing successively with intellectual property (copyright, database right, and protection of non-original writings), privacy, and liability."
"The guide and the brief user's guide are in English and address the context of Dutch law."
"A brief guide is also provided to enable researchers to determine whether consent is required in order to reuse someone else’s research data." download pdf
(via Open Access News)