big data

Big Data & Society

Title: Big Data & Society
Editor and Founding Editor: Evelyn Ruppert
Source: SAGE Journals
Date (accessed): 24/06/2014
Type of information: data source
Language: English
On-line access: yes
Abstract: Big Data & Society is an open access peer-reviewed scholarly journal that publishes interdisciplinary work principally in the social sciences, humanities and computing and their intersections with the arts and natural sciences about the implications of Big Data for societies.

Data for development: revolution kicks off in Côte d’Ivoire

Title: Data for development: revolution kicks off in Côte d’Ivoire
Author: Mićo Tatalović
Source: SciDev.Net
Date (published): 29/11/2013
Date (accessed): 03/12/2013
Type of information: blog post
Language: English
On-line access: yes
Abstract: Mobile communications company Orange has huge amounts of data on traffic between its mobile masts, and in 2012 it decided to release some of that data from Côte d’Ivoire to researchers worldwide in a challenge to make use of that data. It anticipated 40 or 50 project applications and got 260 instead, though few came from African countries or Côte d’Ivoire itself.

Information explosion offers opportunities

Title: Information explosion offers opportunities
Source: IT News Africa
Date (published): 22/11/2012
Date (accessed): 26/11/2012
Type of information: blog post
Language: English
On-line access: yes
Abstract: The world contains an unimaginably vast amount of digital information which is getting ever vaster ever more rapidly. Facebook alone is home to 40 billion photos, 864 000 hours of videos are uploaded to Youtube every day, and in one day, enough information is consumed by Internet traffic to fill 168 million DVDs.

Big Data, Big Impact: New Possibilities for International Development

Title: Big Data, Big Impact: New Possibilities for International Development
Pages: 9 pp.
Source: World Economic Forum
Date (accessed): 27/09/2012
Type of information: research report
Language: English
On-line access: yes
Abstract: "A flood of data is created every day by the interactions of billions of people using computers, GPS devices, cell phones, and medical devices. Many of these interactions occur through the use of mobile devices being used by people in the developing world, people whose needs and habits have been poorly understood until now. Researchers and policymakers are beginning to realise the potential for channelling these torrents of data into actionable information that can be used to identify needs, provide services, and predict and prevent crises for the benefit of low-income populations. Concerted action is needed by governments, development organisations, and companies to ensure that this data helps the individuals and communities who create it."

The Future of Big Data

Title: The Future of Big Data
Author: Janna Anderson, Lee Rainie
Pages: 41 pp.
Publisher: Pwe Internet
Date (published): 20/07/2012
Date (accessed): 09/09/2012
Type of information: research report
Language: English
On-line access: yes (pdf)
Abstract:
This material was gathered in the fifth “Future of the Internet” survey conducted by the Pew Research Center’s Internet & American Life Project and Elon University’s Imagining the Internet Center. The surveys are conducted through an online questionnaire sent to selected experts. Respondents to the Future of the Internet V survey, fielded from August 28 to Oct. 31, 2011, were asked to consider the future of the Internet-connected world between now and 2020. They were asked to assess eight different “tension pairs”—each pair offering two different 2020 scenarios with the same overall theme and opposite outcomes—and they were asked to select the one most likely choice of two statements.

Big data, small wars, local insights: Designing for development with conflict-affected communities

Title: Big data, small wars, local insights: Designing for development with conflict-affected communities
Authors: David Kilcullen and Alexa Courtney
Source: What Matters
Publisher: McKinsey & Company
Date (published): 02/12/2011
Date (accessed): 09/12/2011
Type of information: article
Language: English
On-line access: yes (HTML)
Abstract:
"Of all the ills that impede development around the world, persistent conflict may be the most pernicious and the most widespread. As the World Bank noted in its April 2011 report, insecurity “has become a primary development challenge of our time. One-and-a-half billion people live in areas affected by fragility, conflict, or large-scale, organized criminal violence, and no low-income fragile or conflict-affected country has yet achieved a single United Nations Millennium Development Goal.”

We believe that work in these difficult regions requires a new approach, which we call Designing for Development. The approach combines several elements. First, to create a deep understanding of the issue to be addressed, it calls for quantitative, remote observation and analysis, using new tools, such as big data, crowd-sourced reporting, and interactive visualization. To build a deep contextual understanding, it also requires on-the-ground observation and research, preferably carried out and directed by well-trained members of the local community. Finally, the big data and local insight must be integrated and used to shape a solution with the help of design thinking..."

Applying "Big Data" to Development: Revealing Initial Research Result

Title: Applying "Big Data" to Development: Revealing Initial Research Result
Source: Global Pulse
Date (published): 07/12/2011
Date (accessed): 08/12/2011
Type of information: blog post
Language: English
On-line access: yes (HTML)
Abstract:
"As Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon noted in a briefing about Global Pulse to the UN General Assembly last month: “The private sector is analyzing this new data to understand its customers in real-time. Much of this data contains signals that are relevant to development. We must use it to tell us what is happening, while it is happening.”

That is why, over the past 6 months, Global Pulse has teamed up with leading data-research companies and institutions Crimson Hexagon, Jana, PriceStats, SAS, and a consortium of French centers led by the Complex Systems Institute of Paris Ile-de-France & IFRIS on a series of collaborative research projects testing the feasibility of adapting new tools and methods in real-time data collection and analytics for global development.

And today we are very pleased to publicly present the findings and methods from this initial series of experimental research. The five main projects included:
* Real-Time E-Pricing of Bread….
* Unemployment through the Lens of Social Media...
* Twitter and Perceptions of Crisis-Related Stress...
* Tracking the Food Crisis via Online News...
* A Global Snapshot of Well-being through Mobile Phones...

We embarked on these “proof of concept” projects with the hope that they may eventually help establish new methodological approaches for analyzing real-time data, identify tools which can provide a faster and clearer understanding of population behavior during periods of stress, and hopefully contribute to the development of new proxy indicators for real-time tracking of development..."

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